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<img align="right" style="margin-left: 20px;" src="sticker.png"/> # pipeComp `pipeComp` is a simple framework to facilitate the comparison of pipelines involving various steps and parameters. It was initially developed to benchmark single-cell RNA sequencing pipelines: _pipeComp, a general framework for the evaluation of computational pipelines, reveals performant single-cell RNA-seq preprocessing tools_<br/> Pierre-Luc Germain, Anthony Sonrel & Mark D Robinson, _Genome Biology_ 2020, doi: [10.1186/s13059-020-02136-7]( However the framework can be applied to any other context (see the `pipeComp_dea` vignette for an example). This readme provides an overview of the framework and package. For more detail, please refer to the two vignettes. * [Introduction](#introduction) * [Recent changes](#recent-changes) * [Installation](#installation) * [Using _pipeComp_](#using-pipecomp) * [PipelineDefinition](#pipelinedefinition) * [Running pipelines](#running-pipelines) * [Exploring the metrics](#exploring-the-metrics) * [Running a subset of combinations](#running-only-a-subset-of-the-combinations) <br/><br/> ## Introduction `pipeComp` is especially suited to the benchmarking of pipelines that include many steps/parameters, enabling the exploration of combinations of parameters and of the robustness of methods to various changes in other parts of a pipeline. It is also particularly suited to benchmarks across multiple datasets. It is entirely based on _R_/Bioconductor, meaning that methods outside of _R_ need to be called via _R_ wrappers. `pipeComp` handles multithreading in a way that minimizes re-computation and duplicated memory usage, and computes evaluation metrics on the fly to avoid saving many potentially large intermediate files, making it well-suited for benchmarks involving large datasets. This readme gives a very brief overview of the package. For more detailed information on the framework, refer to the [pipeComp vignette]( For information specifically about the scRNAseq pipeline and evaluation metrics (as well as more complex examples usages of the plotting functions), see the [pipeComp_scRNA vignette]( For a completely different example, with walkthrough the creating of a new `PipelineDefinition`, see the [pipeComp_dea vignette]( ### Recent changes * In `pipeComp` 0.99.43, there is now the possibility to continue runs despite errors (see the `skipErrors` argument of `runPipeline`, and the 'Handling errors' section of the [pipeComp vignette]( * In `pipeComp` 0.99.26 on, the plotting functions for the scRNAseq clustering pipeline (`scrna_evalPlot_DR` and `scrna_evalPlot_clust`) have been replaced by more flexible, pipeline-generic functions (`evalHeatmap`) and a silhouette-specific plotting function (`scrna_evalPlot_silh`). The general heatmap coloring scheme has also been changed to make meaningful changes clearer. * In `pipeComp` 0.99.24, multithreading capacities have been extended (now virtually no limit). * `pipeComp` >=0.99.3 made important changes to the format of the output, and greatly simplified the evaluation outputs for the scRNA pipeline.As a result, results produced with older version of the package are not anymore compatible with the current version's aggregation and plotting functions. ## Installation Install using: ```{r} BiocManager::install("plger/pipeComp", build_vignettes=TRUE) ``` Due to Bioconductor standards, `pipeComp` requires R>=4, but it is actually compatible with R>=3.6.1 (users who have not yet moved to R4 can use the [R3.6 branch]( Because `pipeComp` was meant as a general pipeline benchmarking framework, we have tried to restrict the package's dependencies to a minimum. To use the scRNA-seq pipeline and wrappers, however, requires further packages to be installed. To check whether these dependencies are met for a given `pipelineDefinition` and set of alternatives, see `?checkPipelinePackages`. <br/><br/> ## Using _pipeComp_ <img src="inst/docs/pipeComp_scheme.png" width="500" alt="Scheme of the pipeComp framework" style="margin: 15px; float:left;"/> <div style="text-align: justify;"><b>Scheme of the pipeComp framework. A:</b> The `PipelineDefinition` class represents pipelines as, minimally, a set of functions consecutively executed on the output of the previous one, and optionally accompanied by evaluation and aggregation functions. <b>B:</b> Given a `PipelineDefinition`, a set of alternative parameters and benchmark datasets, the `runPipeline` function proceeds through all combinations arguments, avoiding recomputing the same step twice and compiling evaluations on the fly.</div> ### PipelineDefinition As represented in the figure above, the `PipelineDefinition` S4 class represents pipelines as, minimally, a set of functions (accepting any number of parameters) consecutively executed on the output of the previous one, and optionally accompanied by evaluation and aggregation functions. As simple pipeline can be constructed as follows: ```{r} my_pip <- PipelineDefinition( list( step1=function(x, param1){ # do something with x and param1 x }, step2=function(x, method1, param2){ get(method1)(x, param2) }, step3=function(x, param3){ x <- some_fancy_function(x, param3) # the functions can also output evaluation # through the `intermediate_return` slot: e <- my_evaluation_function(x) list( x=x, intermediate_return=e) } )) ``` The PipelineDefinition can also include descriptions of each step or evaluation and aggregation functions. For example: ```{r} my_pip <- PipelineDefinition( list( step1=function(x, meth1){ get(meth1)(x) }, step2=function(x, meth2){ get(meth2)(x) } ), evaluation=list( step2=function(x){ sum(x) }) ) ``` See the `?PipelineDefinition` for more information, or `scrna_pipeline` for a more complex example: ```{r} pipDef <- scrna_pipeline() pipDef ``` <pre><code> A PipelineDefinition object with the following steps: - <b>doublet</b>(x, doubletmethod) * <i>Takes a SCE object with the `phenoid` colData column, passes it through the </i> <i>function `doubletmethod`, and outputs a filtered SCE.</i> - <b>filtering</b>(x, filt) * <i>Takes a SCE object, passes it through the function `filt`, and outputs a </i> <i>filtered Seurat object.</i> - <b>normalization</b>(x, norm) <i>Passes the object through function `norm` to return the object with the </i> <i>normalized and scale data slots filled.</i> - <b>selection</b>(x, sel, selnb) <i>Returns a seurat object with the VariableFeatures filled with `selnb` features </i> <i>using the function `sel`.</i> - <b>dimreduction</b>(x, dr, maxdim) * <i>Returns a seurat object with the PCA reduction with up to `maxdim` components </i> <i>using the `dr` function.</i> - <b>clustering</b>(x, clustmethod, dims, k, steps, resolution, min.size) * <i>Uses function `clustmethod` to return a named vector of cell clusters.</i> </code></pre> #### Manipulating PipelineDefinition objects A number of generic methods are implemented on the object, including `show`, `names`, `length`, `[`, `as.list`. This means that, for instance, a step can be removed from a pipeline in the following way: ```{r} pd2 <- pipDef[-1] ``` Steps can also be added (using the `addPipelineStep` function) and edited - see the `pipeComp` vignette for more detail: ```{r} vignette("pipeComp", package="pipeComp") ``` <br/><br/> ### Running pipelines #### Preparing the other arguments `runPipeline` requires 3 main arguments: i) the pipelineDefinition, ii) the list of alternative parameters values to try, and iii) the list of benchmark datasets. The scRNAseq datasets used in the papers can be downloaded from [figshare]( and prepared in the following way: ```{r} download.file("", "") unzip("", exdir="datasets") datasets <- list.files("datasets", pattern="SCE\\.rds", full.names=TRUE) names(datasets) <- sapply(strsplit(basename(datasets),"\\."),FUN=function(x) x[1]) ``` Next we prepare the alternative methods and parameters. Functions can be passed as arguments through their name (if they are loaded in the environment): ```{r} # load alternative functions source(system.file("extdata", "scrna_alternatives.R", package="pipeComp")) # we build the list of alternatives alternatives <- list( doubletmethod=c("none"), filt=c("filt.lenient", "filt.stringent"), norm=c("norm.seurat", "norm.sctransform", "norm.scran"), sel=c("sel.vst"), selnb=2000, dr=c("seurat.pca"), clustmethod=c("clust.seurat"), dims=c(10, 15, 20, 30), resolution=c(0.01, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8, 1, 1.2, 2) ) ``` #### Running the analyses ```{r} res <- runPipeline( datasets, alternatives, pipDef, nthreads=3, output.prefix="myfolder/" ) ``` ### Exploring the metrics Data can be explored manually or plotted using generic or pipeline-specific functions. For example: ```{r} scrna_evalPlot_silh( res ) ``` <img src="inst/docs/silh.png"/> ```{r} evalHeatmap( res, step="dimreduction", what2="meanAbsCorr.covariate2", what=c("log10_total_features","log10_total_counts") ) ``` <img src="inst/docs/dr.png"/> The functions enable the choice of parameters at whose values to aggregate, as well as custom filtering: ```{r} evalHeatmap(res, step = "clustering", what=c("MI","ARI"),"filt","norm")) + evalHeatmap(res, step = "clustering", what="ARI","filt", "norm"), filter=n_clus==true.nbClusts, title="ARI at\ntrue k") ``` <img src="inst/docs/clust.png"/> See the vignettes and the function's help for more details.