.fillDBOptsWithDefaults = function(opts=list()){
  ## Here are the parameters for get_MatrixSet (searching the jaspar DB)
  ## Setting to NULL seems unnecessary, but for the track of parameters here.
  ## DB used criteria
  if(!"all" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["all"]] = FALSE
  else
    stopifnot(is.logical(opts[["all"]]))

  if(!"ID" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["ID"]] = NULL
  if(!"name" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["name"]] = NULL
  
  if(!"collection" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["collection"]] = "CORE"
  else
    opts[["collection"]] = match.arg(opts[["collection"]], 
                                     c("CORE", "CNE", "PHYLOFACTS", 
                                       "SPLICE", "POLII", "FAM", 
                                       "PBM", "PBM_HOMEO", "PBM_HLH",
                                       "UNVALIDATED"))

  if(!"all_versions" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["all_versions"]] = FALSE
  else
    stopifnot(is.logical(opts[["all_versions"]]))

  if(!"species" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["species"]] = NULL
  
  if(!"matrixtype" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["matrixtype"]] = "PFM"
  else
    opts[["matrixtype"]] = match.arg(opts[["matrixtype"]], 
                                     c("PFM", "PWM", "ICM"))

  ## DB used TAGs
  if(!"class" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["class"]] = NULL
  if(!"type" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["type"]] = NULL
  if(!"comment" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["comment"]] = NULL
  if(!"family" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["family"]] = NULL
  if(!"medline" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["medline"]] = NULL
  if(!"tax_group" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["tax_group"]] = NULL
  ## some other criterias used later
  if(!"min_ic" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["min_ic"]] = NULL
  if(!"length" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["length"]] = NULL
  if(!"sites" %in% names(opts))
    opts[["sites"]] = NULL
  return(opts)
}

.is_latest_version = function(con, int_id){
  sqlCMD = paste0("select count(*) from MATRIX where 
                  BASE_ID= (SELECT BASE_ID from MATRIX where ID='",
                  int_id, "') ", 
                  "AND VERSION>(SELECT VERSION from MATRIX where ID='", 
                  int_id, "')"
                  )
  count = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["count(*)"]]
  return(ifelse(count==0, TRUE, FALSE))
}

.fixTAXID <- function(con, x){
  ## This function report the TAX_ID from TAX table when given a SPECIES NAME.
  sqlCMD <- paste0("select TAX_ID from TAX where SPECIES='", x, "'")
  ans <- dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  if(nrow(ans) == 1L){
    return(ans[1, "TAX_ID"])
  }
  if(nrow(ans) == 0L){
    return(x)
  }
  if(nrow(ans) >= 2L){
    stop("This SPECIES name has two TAX_ID in table TAX!")
  }
}

.TAXIDToSpecies <- function(taxID, con){
  ## This function fetches the species name from TAX table give a taxID.
  sqlCMD <- paste0("select SPECIES from TAX where TAX_ID='", taxID, "'")
  ans <- dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  if(nrow(ans) == 1L){
    return(ans[1, "SPECIES"])
  }
  if(nrow(ans) == 0L){
    return("")
  }
}

.get_IDlist_by_query = function(con, opts){
  # returns a set of internal IDs with whicj to get the actual matrices
  if(opts[["all"]]){
  # special case 1: get ALL matrices. Higher priority than all
    sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT ID FROM MATRIX")
    ans_ids = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["ID"]]
    return(ans_ids)
  }
  # ids: special case2 which is has higher priority than 
  # any other except the above (ignore all others)
  # these might be either stable IDs or stableid.version.
  # if just stable ID and if all_versions==1, 
  # take all versions, otherwise the latest
  if(!is.null(opts[["ID"]])){
    ans_ids = c()
    if(opts[["all_versions"]]){
      for(id in opts[["ID"]]){
        baseID = strsplit(id, "\\.")[[1]][1] 
        # ignore vesion here, this is a stupidity filter
        sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT ID FROM MATRIX WHERE BASE_ID='", baseID, "'")
        ans_ids = c(ans_ids, dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["ID"]])
      }
    }else{
      for(id in opts[["ID"]]){
        baseID = strsplit(id, "\\.")[[1]][1]
        version = strsplit(id, "\\.")[[1]][2]
        if(is.na(version))
          version = as.character(.get_latest_version(con, baseID))
        if(length(version) == 0) # no match
          return(NA)
        int_id = as.character(.get_internal_id(con, baseID, version))
        ans_ids = c(ans_ids, int_id)
      }
    }
    return(ans_ids)
  }
  
  # Then the complicated combinations...
  sqlTables = "MATRIX M"
  sqlAnds = c()
  # in matrix table: collection
  if(!is.null(opts[["collection"]])){
    sqlCMD = paste0("COLLECTION='", opts[["collection"]], "'", collapse=" or ")
    sqlCMD = paste0("(", sqlCMD, ")")
    sqlAnds = c(sqlAnds, sqlCMD)
  }
  # in matrix table: names.
  if(!is.null(opts[["name"]])){
    sqlCMD = paste0("NAME='", opts[["name"]], "'", collapse=" or ")
    sqlCMD = paste0("(", sqlCMD, ")")
    sqlAnds = c(sqlAnds, sqlCMD)
  }
  # in species table: tax.id: possibly many species with OR in between
  if(!is.null(opts[["species"]])){
    sqlTables = c(sqlTables, "MATRIX_SPECIES S")
    opts[["species"]] <- .fixTAXID(con, opts[["species"]])
    sqlCMD = paste0("TAX_ID='", opts[["species"]], "'", collapse=" or ")
    sqlCMD = paste0(" M.ID=S.ID and (", sqlCMD, ")")
    sqlAnds = c(sqlAnds, sqlCMD)
  }
  # At this stage, let's fetch the ID first.
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT distinct (M.ID) from ", 
                  paste0(sqlTables, collapse=","), 
                  " where ", paste0(sqlAnds, collapse=" AND "))
  ids = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["ID"]]
  
  # Then deal with TAG_BASED, includes  
  # "class", "type", "comment", "family", "medline", "tax_group"
  for(tag in c("class", "type", "comment", "family", 
               "medline", "tax_group")){
    if(!is.null(opts[[tag]])){
      sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT distinct ID from MATRIX_ANNOTATION where ", 
                      "TAG='", tag, "'", " AND (", 
                      paste0("VAL='", opts[[tag]], "'", collapse=" or "), ")")
      ids = intersect(ids, dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["ID"]])
    }
  }
  ans_ids = c()
  if(opts[["all_versions"]])
    ans_ids = ids
  else{
    for(id in ids){
      if(.is_latest_version(con, id))
        ans_ids = c(ans_ids, id)
    }
  }
  if(length(ans_ids) == 0)
    warning("Warning: Zero matrices returned with current critera")
  return(ans_ids)
}


.get_latest_version = function(con, baseID){
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT VERSION FROM MATRIX WHERE BASE_ID='", baseID, 
                  "' ORDER BY VERSION DESC LIMIT 1")
  latest = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["VERSION"]]
  return(latest)
}

.get_internal_id = function(con, baseID, version){
  # picks out the internal id for a stable id + version. 
  # Also checks if this cobo exists or not
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT ID FROM MATRIX WHERE BASE_ID='", 
                  baseID,"' AND VERSION='", version, "'")
  ini_id = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["ID"]]
  if(length(ini_id) != 1)
    warning("There are ", length(ini_id), 
            " records with this based id and version combination!")
  return(ini_id)
}

.get_Matrix_by_int_id = function(con, int_id, type){
  # Get the pfm matrix
  # bases orders in ("A", "C", "G", "T")
  type = match.arg(type, c("PFM", "PWM", "ICM"))
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT val FROM MATRIX_DATA WHERE ID='", 
                  int_id, "' ORDER BY col, row")
  matrixVector = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["val"]]
  if(length(matrixVector) %% 4 != 0)
    stop("The number of retrived elements ", 
         length(matrixVector), " is incomplete!")
  FMatrix = matrix(as.integer(matrixVector), 
                   nrow=4, dimnames=list(c("A", "C", "G", "T")))
  
  # get remaining data in the matrix table: name, collection
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT BASE_ID,VERSION,COLLECTION,
                  NAME FROM MATRIX WHERE ID='",
                  int_id, "'")
  tempTable = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  baseID = tempTable[["BASE_ID"]]
  version = tempTable[["VERSION"]]
  collection = tempTable[["COLLECTION"]]
  name = tempTable[["NAME"]]

  # get species
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT TAX_ID FROM MATRIX_SPECIES WHERE ID='", int_id, "'")
  tempTable = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  tax_ids = tempTable[["TAX_ID"]] 
  ## need to convert to taxs, fix this here or some place.
  if(length(tax_ids) == 0L){
    tax_ids = ""
  }else{
    tax_ids <- sapply(tax_ids, .TAXIDToSpecies, con)
  }

  # get acc
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT ACC FROM MATRIX_PROTEIN WHERE ID='", int_id, "'")
  tempTable = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  accs = tempTable[["ACC"]]
  if(length(accs) == 0)
    accs = ""

  # get remaining annotation as tags, from ANNOTATION table
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT TAG,VAL FROM MATRIX_ANNOTATION WHERE ID='", 
                  int_id, "'")
  tempTable = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  #tags = list()
  #tags = mapply(function(x,y){tags[[x]]=y}, tempTable[["TAG"]], 
  #              tempTable[["VAL"]], SIMPLIFY=FALSE)
  tags <- split(tempTable[["VAL"]], tempTable[["TAG"]])
  tags <- lapply(tags, unique)
  tags[["collection"]] = collection
  tags[["species"]] = tax_ids
  tags[["acc"]] = accs
  if(is.null(tags[["class"]]))
    tags[["class"]] <- ""
  matrixClass = tags[["class"]]
  tags["class"] = NULL
  
  ans_pfm = PFMatrix(ID=paste0(baseID, ".", version),
                     name=name,
                     matrixClass=matrixClass,
                     strand="+",
                     tags=tags,
                     profileMatrix=FMatrix
                     )
  #if(type == "PFM")
    return(ans_pfm)
  #else if(type == "PWM")
  #  return(toPWM(ans_pfm))
  #else if(type == "ICM")
  #  return(toICM(ans_pfm))
  #else
  #  stop("This should never happen")
}

### get_Matrix_by_ID fetches matrix data under 
### the given ID from the database and returns a XMatrix object.
# Returns : a XMatrix object; the exact type of the object 
# depending on the second argument (allowed values are 
# 'PFM', 'ICM', and 'PWM'); 
# returns NA if matrix with the given ID is not found.
# Args: 
    #ID: is a string which refers to the stable JASPAR ID 
    # (usually something like "MA0001") with or without version numbers. 
    # "MA0001" will give the latest version on MA0001, 
    # while "MA0001.2" will give the second version, 
    # if existing. Warnings will be given for non-existing matrices.
setMethod("getMatrixByID", "SQLiteConnection",
          function(x, ID){
            ans <- list()
            for(id in ID){
              # separate stable ID and version number
              baseID <- strsplit(id, "\\.")[[1]][1]
              version <- strsplit(id, "\\.")[[1]][2]
              if(is.na(version))
                version <- as.character(.get_latest_version(x, baseID))
              if(length(version) == 0) # no match
                stop(id, " not found!")
              # get internal ID - also a check for validity
              int_id <- as.character(.get_internal_id(x, baseID, version))
              # get matrix using internal ID
              ans[[id]] <- .get_Matrix_by_int_id(x, int_id, type="PFM")
            }
            if(length(ans) == 1L){
              ans <- ans[[1]]
            }else{
              ans <- do.call(PFMatrixList, ans)
            }
            return(ans)
          }
          )
setMethod("getMatrixByID", "character",
          function(x, ID){
            # here x is the path of SQLite db file.
            if(missing(ID))
              stop("ID needs to be specified!")
            con = dbConnect(SQLite(), x)
            on.exit(dbDisconnect(con))
            getMatrixByID(con, ID)
          }
          )
setMethod("getMatrixByID", "JASPAR2014",
          function(x, ID){
            getMatrixByID(x@db, ID)
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixByID", "JASPAR2016",
          function(x, ID){
            getMatrixByID(x@db, ID)
          }
          )
setMethod("getMatrixByID", "JASPAR2018",
          function(x, ID){
            getMatrixByID(x@db, ID)
          }
)
setMethod("getMatrixByID", "JASPAR2020",
          function(x, ID){
            getMatrixByID(x@db, ID)
          }
)

setMethod("getMatrixByID", "JASPAR2022",
          function(x, ID){
            getMatrixByID(x@db, ID)
          }
)

### get_Matrix_by_name fetches matrix data under 
### the given name from the database and returns a XMatrix object.
# Returns : a XMatrix object; 
# the exact type of the object depending on the second argument 
# (allowed values are 'PFM', 'ICM', and 'PWM'); 
# returns NA if matrix with the given name is not found.
# Notes: According to the current JASPAR5 data model, 
# name is not necessarily a unique identifier. 
# Also, names change over time. 
# In the case where there are several matrices with the same name 
# in the database, the function fetches the first one and 
# prints a warning on STDERR. You've been warned. 
# Some matrices have multiple versions. 
# The function will return the latest version. 
# For specific versions, use get_Matrix_by_ID($ID.$version)
setMethod("getMatrixByName", "SQLiteConnection",
          function(x, name){
            # here x is the path of SQLite db file
            #type = match.arg(type, c("PWM", "PFM", "ICM"))
            if(missing(name))
              stop("name needs to be specified!")
            ans <- list()
            for(eachName in name){
              sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT distinct BASE_ID 
                            FROM MATRIX WHERE NAME='", eachName, "'")
              tempTable = dbGetQuery(x, sqlCMD)
              baseID = tempTable[["BASE_ID"]]
              if(length(baseID) == 0)
                stop(eachName, " not found!")
              if(length(baseID) > 1)
                warning("There are ", length(baseID), 
                        " distinct stable IDs with name ", eachName, 
                        ": ", paste(baseID, collapse=", "))
              ans[[eachName]] <- getMatrixByID(x, baseID[1])
            }
            if(length(ans) == 1L){
              ans <- ans[[1]]
            }else{
              ans <- do.call(PFMatrixList, ans)
            }
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixByName", "character",
          function(x, name){
            con = dbConnect(SQLite(), x)
            on.exit(dbDisconnect(con))
            getMatrixByName(con, name)
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixByName", "JASPAR2014",
          function(x, name){
            getMatrixByName(x@db, name)
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixByName", "JASPAR2016",
          function(x, name){
            getMatrixByName(x@db, name)
          }
          )
setMethod("getMatrixByName", "JASPAR2018",
          function(x, name){
            getMatrixByName(x@db, name)
          }
)

setMethod("getMatrixByName", "JASPAR2020",
          function(x, name){
            getMatrixByName(x@db, name)
          }
)

setMethod("getMatrixByName", "JASPAR2022",
          function(x, name){
            getMatrixByName(x@db, name)
          }
)

### get_MatrixSet fetches matrix data under for all matrices in the database matching criteria defined by the named arguments and returns a XMatrixList object
# Returns : a XMatrixList object
# Notes: This method accepts named arguments, corresponding to arbitrary tags, and also some utility functions. Note that this is different from JASPAR2 and to some extent JASPAR4. As any tag is supported for database storage, any tag can be used for information retrieval. Additionally, arguments as 'name','class','collection' can be used (even though they are not tags). By default, only the last version of the matrix is given. The only way to get older matrices out of this to use an array of IDs with actual versions like MA0001.1, or set the argyment -all_versions=>1, in which  case you get all versions for each stable ID.
# Args: 
  # -all: gives absolutely all matrix entry, regardless of versin and collection. Only useful for backup situations and sanity checks. Takes precedence over everything else
  # -ID: a reference to an array of stable IDs (strings), with or without version, as above. tyically something like "MA0001.2" . Takes precedence over everything salve -all
  # -name: a reference to an array of transcription factor names (string). Will only take latest version. NOT a preferred way to access since names change over time.
  # -collection: a string corresponding to a JASPAR collection. Per default CORE
  # -all_versions: gives all matrix versions that fit with rest of criteria, including obsolete ones. Is off per default. Typical usage is in combiation with a stable IDs without versions to get all versinos of a particular matrix.
  ## typical tags:
  # -class: structural class names (strings)
  # -species: NCBI Taxonomy IDs (integers)
  # -taxgroup: higher taxonomic categories (string)
  ## Computed features of the matrices
  # -min_ic: float, minimum total information content of the matrix.
  # -matrixtype: string describing type of matrix to retrieve. If left out, the format will revert to the database format, which is PFM.
  # The arguments that expect list references are used in database query formulation: elements within lists are combined with 'OR' operators, and the lists of different types with 'AND'.
  # For example,
    # my $matrixset = $db->(-class => ['TRP_CLUSTER', 'FORKHEAD'],
    #                       -species => ['Homo sapiens', 'Mus musculus'],
    #                      );
    # gives a set of TFBS::Matrix::PFM objects (given that the matrix models are stored as such) whose (structural clas is 'TRP_CLUSTER' OR'FORKHEAD') AND (the species they are derived from is 'Homo sapiens'OR 'Mus musculus').
  # As above, unless IDs with version numbers are used, only one matrix per stable ID wil be returned: the matrix with the highest version number
  #The -min_ic filter is applied after the query in the sense that the matrices profiles with total information content less than specified are not included in the set.
setMethod("getMatrixSet", "SQLiteConnection",
         function(x, opts){
           opts = .fillDBOptsWithDefaults(opts)
           IDlist = .get_IDlist_by_query(x, opts)
           matrixSet = switch(opts[["matrixtype"]],
                              "PFM"=PFMatrixList(),
                              "PWM"=PWMatrixList(),
                              "ICM"=ICMatrixList()
                              )
           for(id in IDlist){
             xmatrix = .get_Matrix_by_int_id(x, id, type="PFM")
             if(!is.null(opts[["min_ic"]])){
               # we assume the matrix IS a PFM, 
               # or something in normal space at least
               if(sum(totalIC(toICM(xmatrix))) < opts[["min_ic"]])
                 next
             }
             if(!is.null(opts[["length"]])){
               if(length(xmatrix) < opts[["length"]])
                 next
             }
             if(!is.null(opts[["sites"]])){
               avg_sites = sum(Matrix(xmatrix)) / length(xmatrix)
               if(avg_sites < opts[["sites"]])
                 next
             }
             if(opts[["matrixtype"]] == "PFM"){
               matrixSet = c(matrixSet, list(xmatrix))
             }else if(opts[["matrixtype"]] == "PWM"){
               matrixSet = c(matrixSet, list(toPWM(xmatrix)))
             }else if(opts[["matrixtype"]] == "ICM"){
               matrixSet = c(matrixSet, list(toICM(xmatrix)))
             }
           }
           names(matrixSet) = ID(matrixSet)
           return(matrixSet)
         }
         )

setMethod("getMatrixSet", "character",
          function(x, opts){
            opts = .fillDBOptsWithDefaults(opts)
            con = dbConnect(SQLite(), x)
            on.exit(dbDisconnect(con))
            getMatrixSet(con, opts)
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixSet", "JASPAR2014",
          function(x, opts){
            getMatrixSet(x@db, opts)
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixSet", "JASPAR2016",
          function(x, opts){
            getMatrixSet(x@db, opts)
          }
          )

setMethod("getMatrixSet", "JASPAR2018",
          function(x, opts){
            getMatrixSet(x@db, opts)
          }
)

setMethod("getMatrixSet", "JASPAR2020",
          function(x, opts){
            getMatrixSet(x@db, opts)
          }
)
           
setMethod("getMatrixSet", "JASPAR2022",
          function(x, opts){
            getMatrixSet(x@db, opts)
          }
)

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "SQLiteConnection",
# Deletes the matrix having the given ID from the database
# Args    : (ID)
#               A string. Has to be a matrix ID with version suffix in JASPAR5.
          function(x, IDs){
            for(ID in IDs){
              # this has to be versioned IDs
              baseID = strsplit(ID, "\\.")[[1]][1]
              version = strsplit(ID, "\\.")[[1]][2]
              if(is.na(version))
                stop("You have supplied a non-versioned matrix ID 
                     to delete. Skipping: ", ID)
              # get relevant internal ID
              int_id = .get_internal_id(x, baseID, version)
              for(dbTable in c("MATRIX_DATA", "MATRIX", 
                               "MATRIX_SPECIES", "MATRIX_PROTEIN", 
                               "MATRIX_ANNOTATION")){
                sqlCMD = paste0("DELETE from ", dbTable, 
                                " where ID='", int_id, "'")
                ans = dbGetQuery(x, sqlCMD)
              }
            }
          }
          )

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "character",
          function(x, IDs){
            con = dbConnect(SQLite(), x)
            on.exit(dbDisconnect(con))
            deleteMatrixHavingID(con, IDs)
          }
          )

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "JASPAR2014",
          function(x, IDs){
            deleteMatrixHavingID(x@db, IDs)
          }
          )

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "JASPAR2016",
          function(x, IDs){
            deleteMatrixHavingID(x@db, IDs)
          }
          )

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "JASPAR2018",
          function(x, IDs){
            deleteMatrixHavingID(x@db, IDs)
          }
)

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "JASPAR2020",
          function(x, IDs){
            deleteMatrixHavingID(x@db, IDs)
          }
)

setMethod("deleteMatrixHavingID", "JASPAR2022",
          function(x, IDs){
            deleteMatrixHavingID(x@db, IDs)
          }
)

### ------------------------------------------------------------
### utilities functions for store_Matrix
###
.store_matrix = function(con, pfm){
  # creation of the matrix will also give an internal unique ID (incremental int)
  # which will be returned to use for the other tables

  # Get version from the matrix ID
  version = strsplit(ID(pfm), "\\.")[[1]][2]
  if(is.na(version)){
    warning("Lacking  version number for ", 
            ID(pfm), ". Setting version=1")
    version = 1
  }
  collection = tags(pfm)[["collection"]]
  if(is.null(collection)){
    warning("Lacking  collection name for ", ID(pfm), 
            ". Setting collection to an empty string. 
            You probably do not want this")
    collection = ""
  }
  # sanity check: do we already have this combination of base ID and version? If we do, die
  baseID = strsplit(ID(pfm), "\\.")[[1]][1]
  sqlCMD = paste0("select count(*) from MATRIX where VERSION='", 
                  version, 
                  "' and BASE_ID='", baseID, "' and collection='", 
                  collection, "'")
  sanity_count = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["count(*)"]]
  if(sanity_count > 0)
    stop("Database input inconsistency: You have already have ", 
         sanity_count, 
         " ", baseID, " matrices of version ", version, 
         " in collection ", collection, ". Terminating program")

  ## insert data
  #  Here the ID is the primary integer id.
  sqlCMD = paste0("INSERT INTO MATRIX VALUES (NULL,'", collection, "','",
                  baseID, "',", version, ",'", name(pfm), "')")
  sqlRun = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  sqlCMD = paste0("SELECT last_insert_rowid()")
  int_id = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)[["last_insert_rowid()"]]
  return(int_id)
}

.store_matrix_data = function(con, pfm, int_id){
  pfm_matrix = Matrix(pfm)
  i = rownames(pfm_matrix)[1]
  j = 1
  for(i in rownames(pfm_matrix)){
    for(j in seq_len(ncol(pfm_matrix))){
      sqlCMD = paste0("INSERT INTO MATRIX_DATA VALUES(", int_id, ",'",
                      i, "',", j, ",", pfm_matrix[i,j], ")")
      sqlRun = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
    }
  }
  return("Success")
}

.store_matrix_annotation = function(con, pfm, int_id){
  tags = tags(pfm)
  if(length(matrixClass(pfm)) != 0)
    tags[["class"]] = matrixClass(pfm)
  # but skip out collection or version as 
  # we already have those in the MATRIX table
  tag = names(tags)[1]
  for(tag in names(tags)){
    if(tag %in% c("collection", "version", "species", "acc"))
      next
    sqlCMD = paste0("INSERT INTO MATRIX_ANNOTATION (ID, tag, val) VALUES(",
                    int_id, ",'", tag, "','", 
                    ifelse(is.na(tags[[tag]]), "", tags[[tag]]), "')")
    sqlRun = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  }
}

.store_matrix_species = function(con, pfm, int_id){
  # these are for species IDs - can be several
  # these are taken from the tag "species"
  # the tag should be a vector of characters.
  
  # sanity check: are there any species? It's ok not to have it.
  if(is.na(tags(pfm)[["species"]])){ ## should change other tag check with is.na
    warning("The ", name(pfm), " has no species tag")
    return("Failure")
  }
  for(specie in tags(pfm)[["species"]]){
    sqlCMD = paste0("INSERT INTO MATRIX_SPECIES VALUES(",
                    int_id, ",'", specie, "')")
    sqlRun = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  }
  return("Success")
}

.store_matrix_acc = function(con, pfm, int_id){
  # these are for protein accession numbers - can be several
  # these are taken from the tag "acc"
  # the tag should be a vector of characters.
  if(is.na(tags(pfm)[["acc"]])){
    warning("The ", name(pfm), " has no acc tag")
    return("Failure")
  }
  for(acc in tags(pfm)[["acc"]]){
    sqlCMD = paste0("INSERT INTO MATRIX_PROTEIN VALUES(", int_id,
                    ",'", acc, "')")
    sqlRun = dbGetQuery(con, sqlCMD)
  }
  return("Success")
}

### ----------------------------------------------------------------
### Stores the contents of a PFMatrixList object in the database
### Exported!
# Returns : 0 on success; $@ contents on failure
# Args    : (PFMatrixList)

setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="SQLiteConnection",
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            for(i in 1:length(pfmList)){
              pfm <- pfmList[[i]]
              int_id =  .store_matrix(x, pfm)
              .store_matrix_data(x, pfm, int_id)
              .store_matrix_annotation(x, pfm, int_id)
              .store_matrix_species(x, pfm, int_id)
              .store_matrix_acc(x, pfm, int_id)
            }
            return("Success")
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="character", 
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            con = dbConnect(SQLite(), x)
            on.exit(dbDisconnect(con))
            storeMatrix(con, pfmList)
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="character", pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x, PFMatrixList(pfmList))
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="SQLiteConnection", 
                                   pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x, PFMatrixList(pfmList))
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2014", pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2016", pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2018", pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
)

setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2020", pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
)
           
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2022", pfmList="PFMatrix"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
)
           
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2014", 
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2016",
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
          )
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2018",
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
)

setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2020",
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
)
        
setMethod("storeMatrix", signature(x="JASPAR2022",
                                   pfmList="PFMatrixList"),
          function(x, pfmList){
            storeMatrix(x@db, pfmList)
          }
)           

### -----------------------------------------------------------------
### initialize the jaspar 2014, 2016 stype db. create empty tables.
###
.create_tables = function(con){
  # utility function
  # If you want to change the databse schema,
  # this is the right place to do it
  sqlCMD = c("DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MATRIX",
             "CREATE TABLE MATRIX(
             ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT NOT NULL,
             COLLECTION TEXT DEFAULT '',
             BASE_ID TEXT DEFAULT '' NOT NULL,
             VERSION INTEGER DEFAULT 1  NOT NULL,
             NAME TEXT DEFAULT '' NOT NULL
             )",
              
             "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MATRIX_DATA",
             "CREATE TABLE MATRIX_DATA(
             ID INTEGER NOT NULL,
             row TEXT NOT NULL,
             col INTEGER  NOT NULL,
             val REAL DEFAULT NULL,
             UNIQUE (ID, row, col))",

             "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MATRIX_ANNOTATION",
             "CREATE TABLE MATRIX_ANNOTATION(
             ID INTEGER NOT NULL,
             TAG TEXT DEFAULT '' NOT NULL,
             VAL TEXT DEFAULT '',
             UNIQUE (ID, TAG))",

             "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MATRIX_SPECIES",
             "CREATE TABLE MATRIX_SPECIES(
             ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
             TAX_ID TEXT DEFAULT '' NOT NULL)",

             "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS MATRIX_PROTEIN",
             "CREATE TABLE MATRIX_PROTEIN(
             ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
             ACC TEXT DEFAULT '' NOT NULL)",

             "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS TAX",
             "CREATE TABLE TAX(
             TAX_ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
             SPECIES TEXT DEFAULT NULL)",
             
             "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS TAX_EXT",
             "CREATE TABLE TAX_EXT(
             TAX_ID INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
             NAME TEXT DEFAULT NULL)"
             )
  for(cmd in sqlCMD){
    dbGetQuery(con, cmd)
  }
}

### -----------------------------------------------------------------
### initializeJASPARDB interface
### Exported!
### Until now, the table definitions for JASPAR2014, JASPAR2016 and 
###   JASPARE2018 are same.
setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "SQLiteConnection",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            version <- match.arg(version)
            .create_tables(x)
            return("Success")
          }
          )

setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "character",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            con = dbConnect(SQLite(), x)
            on.exit(dbDisconnect(con))
            initializeJASPARDB(con, version=version)
          }
          )

setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "JASPAR2014",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            initializeJASPARDB(x@db, version="2014")
          }
          )

setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "JASPAR2016",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            initializeJASPARDB(x@db, version="2016")
          }
          )
setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "JASPAR2018",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            initializeJASPARDB(x@db, version="2018")
          }
)
setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "JASPAR2020",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            initializeJASPARDB(x@db, version="2020")
          }
)
           
setMethod("initializeJASPARDB", "JASPAR2022",
          function(x, version=c("2014", "2016", "2018", "2020", "2022")){
            initializeJASPARDB(x@db, version="2022")
          }
)